No households in Goudoubo camp had access to electricity and 90 percent cooked with firewood using inefficient cookstoves. Demand for wood is speeding up the ongoing process of desertification in an area where climate change is already biting.
With greater investment in alternative energy innovation, strong political will within Africa and outside its borders, and an end to endemic corruption, Africa could become a leader in sustainability, lighting the way for all of us.
We all knew we were investing time and resources, but were funding and serving people and addressing critical issues with limited resource information -- and we didn't have access to information that could be shared to increase the impact we were making.
The United Nations General Assembly will today meet to adopt its post-2015 development agenda, and one of the three resolutions it seeks to pass is resolution 65/1: Keeping the Promise: United to Achieve Millennial Development Goals.
Local leaders are best suited to install and maintain water and sanitation projects. Over the last seven years, a local Ethiopian organization installed more than 3,500 water projects in northern Ethiopia, bringing clean water to more than 1.2 million people.
Surely there must be one or two African leaders who have the vision to take their country down the proven path of modernization via the development of a tradable goods manufacturing sector, providing a precedent for others to follow.
A burgeoning market for micro financial institutions (MFI) is set to take hold. The Sub-Saharan African low-income market is set to explode by 25 percent in 2015. Currently 863 million people live in 47 countries.
There are few that don't have an opinion when it comes to judging the value of design in today's companies. Silicon Valley powerhouse Apple undoubtedly cashed in on design and many newcomers are doing so too. Imagine Uber and Airbnb for instance without design thinking.
Half of the world's population lives and works in the informal economy - not by choice, but by necessity. In the language of economists, poor families in developing countries are consumption-smoothing households and capital-consuming, self-employed entrepreneurs at the same time.
Clean water, clean air and the steady access to food are all in limited supply, and are being depleted at alarming rates. And a rapidly growing, urbanized global middle-class is living and working in ways that are accelerating consumption of those already scarce resources.
Have the migration debates erupting all over the world all missed a crucial point? Climate change is pulling the rug from under poor rural people's feet; destroying their natural resources and taking away their ability to decide their own fate.
Rhe great pans relent and reveal their riches -- the luminous morning light in the broadest horizon unmarked by the slightest scribble of grass, rare wild species such as bat-eared foxes, aardwolves, aardvarks and meerkats.
Farmers working in rain-fed agricultural systems notice when the rains are late. Standing in unexpectedly dry fields in 42 degrees Celsius heat in early November, this is just one of many variables for Zambian smallholder farmer Veronica Banda to manage.