The second Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) calls for ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition and promoting sustainable agriculture. This goal -- or rather, goals -- are lofty, especially when taken under the relatively short deadline of 2030. So what does it take to end hunger in 15 years and, can we do it?
In order to feed the estimated 9.6 billion people expected to be living on Earth by 2050, agriculture experts predict we'll need to increase food supplies by 70 to 110 percent, or as World Food Prize recipient Gebisa Ejeta said in 2010, "We'll have to learn to produce as much food in the next four decades as we have since the beginning of civilization."
One-third of the world's 7.3 billion people are smallholder farmers and their families who produce nearly 70 percent of all food consumed worldwide on 60 percent of the planet's arable land. For what sounds like a major part of the global economy, you would expect these farmers to be relatively well off and financially secure. But they aren't. In fact, they represent the majority of the poorest and hungriest people on earth.