We are watching "elephants," true enough. But I realize, embarrassed, that I know nothing of how these beings live, of who they are. I scarcely know what it means to be "watching elephants." Cynthia Moss knows, because she's been here, watching, for forty years--more time than any other human has ever watched elephants.
Since 2008, my colleagues and I have been studying two fires in Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta. We want to know whether restoring two out of three key ecological forces in this system (fire, wolves) without restoring the third (bison) is sufficient to return this fescue grassland to pre-Euro-American settlement conditions.