The value of community colleges in American education has been overlooked for far too long. Considered by some the "stepchild" of the American education system, the role of community colleges, particularly as a legitimate pathway to STEM jobs and four-year and post-graduate STEM degrees, has been underappreciated by many, including those in higher education.
But that is changing.
Certainly, Dr. Jill Biden has helped raise the national profile of community colleges. In her role as adjunct professor of English at Northern Virginia Community College and as the lead organizer of a 2010 White House summit on community colleges, she has worked to shine a light on how these institutions play a vital and unique role in the life of local communities across the U.S.
Now comes a new report from the National Academy of Sciences that continues the focus. "Community Colleges in the Evolving STEM Education Landscape: Summary of a Summit" is a recap of a one-day summit convened recently by the National Research Council, the Carnegie Academy for Science Education, a part of the Carnegie Institution for Science, and the National Science Foundation.
According to the report, some 1,200 community colleges in the U.S. enroll more than eight million students annually, including 43 percent of all undergraduates. Community colleges are particularly important in the academic life of minority students. In fact, minorities who are underrepresented in STEM fields, but who represent the country's STEM future, are disproportionately enrolled in them. Fifty-two percent of Hispanic, 44 percent of African American, 55 percent of American Indians and 45 percent of Asian-Pacific Islander students attend community colleges.
In addition to providing general education, many community college courses develop the kind of essential technical skills upon which economic development and innovation are based. Indeed, a range of STEM industries from biotechnology and defense to computer science and environmental protection rely on those who have attended a two-year college or technical/vocational school.
Roughly half of the aerospace industry's workforce comprises technical workers who hold two-year degrees. They're the people who work in installation, maintenance, repair and production without whom the industry, which features such brand name American companies as Raytheon, Lockheed Martin and Boeing, could not survive.
With the "graying" of this workforce and as manufacturing continues to add jobs to the economy, there are real opportunities here, yet the industry is having difficulty attracting workers. The problem? Vocational aerospace education and training programs have experienced declining enrollments over the past decade or more.
At Bayer, we have similar issues finding skilled technical workers. So, we have taken matters into our own hands by creating partnerships with local community colleges to develop, for example, chemical operators, instrument and electrical technicians, and maintenance and process technicians, among others.
Nearly 20 years ago, Bayer HealthCare in Berkeley, Calif., created a workforce development program with the city that began by targeting underrepresented high school students at risk of dropping out and preparing them for technical jobs in the biosciences. Today, the program has grown to offer these students not only good paying jobs with real opportunities for career advancement, but also a shot at continuing education through a partnership with Peralta Community College District.
Then there's Bayer MaterialScience's Baytown, Texas, facility where we can't find enough skilled workers to meet the demands of a plant that manufactures high-tech plastics, polyurethanes and coatings materials. In the last year, we've hired 40 new operators and we're looking for more, but the applicant pool has dwindled drastically. Two decades ago, we'd receive about 2,000 applications for between 20 and 30 job openings. Today, that number has plummeted to about 250 applications for the same number of openings. That's an 87 percent reduction.
So, we've turned to three local community colleges - Lee, Alvin and San Jacinto - to create a summer internship program for students studying process technology. The objective is to attract and develop talented people interested in learning the skills required to operate a STEM-based manufacturing facility -- Bayer MaterialScience's largest in the country.
These partnerships are an integral part of Bayer's workforce development strategy.
The contributions of community colleges to our and the nation's STEM workforce are impressive. And, it's time we recognize them. Today, one-third of that workforce originated its education in community colleges. Almost half of bachelor's degree recipients in science and engineering and one-third of master's degree holders attended community college at some point during their education.
But the truth is, you don't need a bachelor's, master's or doctorate to work in STEM.
The CEO-led STEM education organization, Change the Equation, recently published a report on the jobs picture for unemployed STEM workers over the last three years. The report noted that across STEM fields, job postings outnumbered unemployed people by almost two to one, compared to unemployed people in general who outnumbered online job postings by more than three to one.
A significant number of these jobs are solid, high-paying and highly-respected positions that require a two-year degree. That's a story we in the STEM industries need to keep telling. It's a challenge, but it's also our responsibility.
At the 2010 White House summit, President Barack Obama called community colleges the nation's "unsung heroes" of American education. Maybe it's time we all sing a little louder so community colleges get the respect they deserve.