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Anthony Travia

New York Senate Debacle: The Powerbrokers of 1965 and Pissants of 2009

John R. Bohrer | Posted 05.25.2011 | New York
John R. Bohrer

The leadership stalemate of 1965 occurred at the start of the session, when bill expiration deadlines weren't looming. Pedro Espada's defection (facilitated by Hiram Monserrate) flushed months of hard-fought negotiations and legislative footwork down the toilet.