The Romanian revolution in December 1989 was simultaneously the most violent of the transformations of 1989 and the most ambiguous. It was not a simple divide between regime and anti-regime protesters.
Hieronim Kubiak was a member of this group, which hoped to convene an extraordinary Party congress in 1980 to advance their goals. He would eventually become a member of the Politburo representing the reform wing.
When Poland went through its 'shock therapy' years of the early 1990s, many people lost out as a result of the economic reforms. The unemployment rate went up rapidly from under one percent in January 1990 to over 16 percent in 1994.
Just as the seemingly impregnable Honecker regime rapidly disintegrated along with the Berlin Wall in November 1989, the Kim dynasty in North Korea has been expected to collapse at any minute. This minute, of course, has lasted for more than two decades.
Snopko is now the Slovak culture ambassador in the Czech Republic. We talked about Slovak-Czech relations, the different culture of dissent in Slovakia during the Communist period, and his own love of Prague.
Due to the United States' attempts to destroy the regime through an embargo and its resulting effect on the economy, there is minimal infrastructure in Cuba. This is a double-edged sword in that it makes the U.S. a common enemy of the Cuban people, subtly aiding an authoritarian regime.
The Alaska Permanent Fund isn't popularly associated with Communism, and shouldn't be. Alaska is an Owner State. And we should be fighting to keep that vision as hard as the people trying to use us as a wedge issue to fit their narratives.
In the novel The Year of the Frog, the narrator sinks into a funk over the claustrophobia that has closed over his life. It's the 1980s in Czechoslovakia, and Communism stretches as far into the future as the eye can see.
The confrontation in Kiev is the focus. Less discussed, Putin's Kremlin has sought to block closer economic and political ties between the EU and several other states that it dominated during the Soviet Union.
It's obvious that socialism, Marxism, and communism are words with derogatory connotations in the collective mind of the United States; the evil United Socialist Soviet Republic did, after all, influence the bulk of 20th century U.S. rhetoric.
Calling Mandela a Communist or a terrorist shortly after his death is mean-spirited, but it is a bigger condemnation of the moral blindness of much of U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War than it is a criticism of Mandela.
When I started working on U.S.-Soviet relations in the 1980s, I encountered my first GONGO. This was a "government-organized non-governmental organization." It was like something out of Alice in Wonderland.