The leading multilateral institutions like to hold meetings on this topic and pontificate and yet their record of helping to reduce corruption in many of the world's poorest countries is lamentable. They continue to enjoy overly cozy relations with thoroughly corrupt governments.
That the AKP's third term is mired in systemic corruption is discouraging for Turkey's democracy. Even more worrisome, though, is the fact that corruption has led to an authoritarian trend in which those who refuse political obedience are profiled and discriminated against.
As hundreds of millions of people, many very poor, across most of the world obtain Internet connections, see web-based news that governments find hard to censor, even in China, so the pressures on authorities to attack graft mounts.
An unprecedented attack on corruption at the top of the Chinese Communist Party is now underway. Suddenly, following a spate of trials, arrests and investigations, it seems as if even the most senior leaders in the Communist Party are vulnerable.
The assumptions that there is nothing new regarding crime and corruption and that these plagues are an inevitable part of the human experience are clouding an important change: the ascent of the mafia state, an old player that has gained renewed potency.