Japanese cables and other message intercepted by the United States showed that they were still trying to enlist the Soviets' help in presenting surrender terms -- they would even send an envoy -- but were undecided on just what to propose.
July 31, 1945: The assembly of Little Boy is completed. It is ready for use the next day. But a typhoon approaching Japan will likely prevent launching an attack. Several days might be required for weather to clear.
A U.S. bombing raid on the small Japanese city of Aomori -- which had little military significance beyond being a transportation hub -- dropped 83,000 incendiaries and destroyed almost the entire city, killing at least 2,000 civilians.
Wars are frequently glamourized in American popular thought, but none more than World War II. Historians, whose business it is to provide the truth about the past, tend to present a more nuanced picture of the Second World War.
This weekend the United States celebrates Memorial Day. Sadly, for many Americans the holiday mostly marks the beginning of summer rather than a time to remember those who gave their lives in service to their country.
As a high school senior, it is easy to envision myself as a scared private waiting on the shore, knowing the high chance of failure that awaits. College decision announcements are around the corner. D-Day is upon us.