11/12/2012 01:25 pm ET Updated Nov 12, 2012

Diwali 2012: The Festival Of Lights (PHOTOS, LIVE UPDATES)

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In 2012 Diwali, the festival of lights, will celebrated on Nov. 13 by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs around the world. The word Diwali comes from the Sanskrit deepavali, which means a row of lights. The festival of Diwali symbolizes the victory of light over dark, good over evil and knowledge over darkness.

Diwali is one of the biggest festivals in the Hindu calendar and there are multiple reasons why Hindus celebrate this festival. The most popular narrative, based in the ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana, is of Lord Rama, his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana returning to their kingdom Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana.

On that dark new moon night, the residents of Ayodhya joyfully lit oil lamps to welcome Rama, Sita and Lakshmana back to the kingdom. Following in that tradition, Hindus celebrate Diwali by lighting oil lamps, bursting firecrackers, cleaning and decorating their homes, distributing sweet delicacies and gathering with friends and family. In Hindu homes around the world, people gather to offer prayers to Sita and Rama, Radha and Krishna, Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, Ganesh, the god of auspiciousness. For many in the Hindu community, Diwali is also the beginning of a new year. A popular greeting around this time is "Shubh Diwali."

In the Sikh tradition, Diwali commemorates the release of Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh Guru, who was imprisoned by the Mughal emperor Jahangir. When Guru Hargobind arrived in Amritsar, his devotees lit thousands of oil lamps to celebrate his return. For Sikhs, this day is known as Bandi Chhor Divas (day of release from prison). Sikhs celebrate Diwali by lighting oil lamps and reading from the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy text.

In the Jain tradition, Diwali marks the attainment of enlightenment by Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism who laid down the central tenets of the Jain religion as it is practiced today. Jains celebrate Diwali by lighting lamps, distributing sweets, fasting and practicing acts of charity.

Click through the slideshow to view photos from Diwali celebrations:

Diwali 2012

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11/16/2012 12:33 PM EST

Diwali Lights

diwali lights

diwali lights

diwali puja

-- Ruby Sinha from Los Angeles, CA

Email your rangoli design or Diwali lights photo to or tweet us at @huffpostrelig using #diwali #mylights

11/16/2012 12:24 PM EST

What Happens in Las Vegas During Diwali?

Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights, is marked by five days of revelry, replete with boxes of desi (pure) ghee sweets and earsplitting firecrackers that sparkle in the sky. The party is incomplete without shuffling a deck of playing cards and winning the popular game or two of teen patti, also known as flash.

If you win at games of chance during Diwali, according to the popular belief, the goddess Lakshmi, the bearer of wealth, will generously bestow riches upon you during the new year. Gambling is frowned upon for the rest of the year for Hindus.

So, naturally, the gaming capital of the United States, Las Vegas, embraces Diwali. And despite the city’s well-established reputation as a spot where outlandish, uncharacteristic behavior is welcomed, for Diwali, Las Vegas goes a little traditional.

Read the rest at The New York Times.

11/15/2012 7:03 PM EST

Diwali Rangoli

diwali rangoli

-- Aashwany Chandra Mohan

Email your rangoli design or Diwali lights photo to or tweet us at @huffpostrelig using #diwali #mylights

11/15/2012 4:35 PM EST

Two American Senators Introduce Resolution To Honor Diwali

U.S. Sens. Mark R. Warner (D-VA) and John Cornyn (R-TX), co-chairs of the U.S. Senate’s bipartisan India Caucus, introduced a resolution this week to honor and celebrate the festival of Diwali.

“As co-chair of the Senate India Caucus, I am pleased to sponsor a resolution celebrating this important holiday for the Indian people and Indian-Americans here at home,” Sen. Warner said. “India is the world’s largest democracy, which makes our countries and our people natural partners. It’s a relationship based on shared values, and it's one I’d like to continue to grow.”

"Diwali's message of tolerance, compassion, and the victory of good over evil resonates with the American spirit," said Sen. Cornyn. "As Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, and others come together to celebrate this festival of lights, let us all be reminded, as Americans, of one of our most cherished freedoms: the freedom of religion."

Read the resolution here.

11/15/2012 3:44 PM EST

Henna Designs

diwali mehendi

This picture is of the Wharton Partners Club mehndi party from Nov. 14, 2012. We have several first-year club members who are from India, and this is their first Diwali away from home as they moved to Philadelphia while their spouses attend The Wharton School. One woman opened up her home to partners for a get-together to eat Indian food, learn about Diwali, light diya lamps and get henna designs for the Wharton India Club's Diwali party happening Nov. 15, 2012. Photo credit: Anna Chandra Photography

-- Lauren Swanson from Philadelphia, PA

Email your rangoli design or Diwali lights photo to or tweet us at @huffpostrelig using #diwali #mylights

11/15/2012 3:36 PM EST

Diwali Lights

diwali light

My husband and I got married a few months ago. As newlyweds, we kept it simple by lighting one candle this year -- but the joy in our hearts is still grand. We are very grateful for our wonderful year of celebrations and we look forward to the new year ahead.

-- Depeka Rampertaap

Email your rangoli design or Diwali lights photo to or tweet us at @huffpostrelig using #diwali #mylights

11/15/2012 2:52 AM EST

Meaning of Bhai Dooj

@ TravelMOI :

In literal meaning, ‘Bhai’ means brother and ‘Dooj’ means the second day after the new moon which is a day of celebration.

11/15/2012 1:49 AM EST

Fireworks in Delhi, India

diwali fireworks delhi

Fireworks light up the night sky above high-rise buildings during Diwali celebrations in New Delhi, India, Tuesday, Nov. 13, 2012. Diwali, the festival of lights dedicated to the Goddess of wealth Lakshmi, is being celebrated across the country Tuesday. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

11/15/2012 1:28 AM EST

Why I Celebrate Diwali Despite Being an Atheist

I am not religious at all; I am not Hindu, Jain or Sikh. I am an atheist and I am an Indian. I was born in India and raised in the United States.

I love Indian culture. I love the stories, and I love the dancing and the music and all of the colorful festivities. So, for me, Diwali means telling the story of Prince Rama from the Valmiki tale “The Ramayana," thus preserving my culture for my children, who were born and raised in this country. This tale is full of romance, drama, war and intrigue, and is a classic tale in Indian literature; it is also one of my favorite stories. It is in the same vein as Homer’s “The Illiad” or “The Odyssey.” It is an epic.

When I was little, we used to have “Sunday School” which was our own version of church. We would gather at a different house every Sunday, do puja (prayer) and then my father would tell us stories of Indian culture. He went through the entire “Ramayana” and “Mahabharata” chapter by chapter week by week. My friends, my sister and I would sit in a semi-circle and listen while he told the stories in his own words. Even the adults listened enrapt. My father passed away several years ago, but I'll never forget the wonderful stories he told in his quiet, teacher voice.

I never stopped loving the stories and I read them over and over again. Every Diwali, I tell my children the tale of Prince Rama. In doing so, I am imparting the knowledge of my culture to them. They are half-Jewish and half-Indian so it is important to me that they learn about where I came from because it is a part of who I am.

After the story, we turn on all the lights in the house to light the way for Prince Rama. Sometimes we go to the neighbor’s house (a very nice Indian family) and light sparklers with them. But we always do something to celebrate Prince Rama’s epic tale.

-- Madhavi Vijay Joshi

11/15/2012 1:02 AM EST

Diwali Lights

diwali lights

-- Jyoti Yadav from Gurgaon, India

Email your rangoli design or Diwali lights photo to or tweet us at @huffpostrelig using #diwali #mylights