LOS ANGELES -- The official autopsy report for Ezell Ford, an unarmed, mentally ill black man shot to death by Los Angeles police in August, was released by the county coroner's office Monday after the Los Angeles Police Department lifted an investigative hold that had blocked the report from public view for over four months.
The coroner's investigation ruled Ford's death a homicide by multiple gunshot wounds.
Ford, 25, was killed by LAPD officers Sharlton Wampler and Antonio Villegas, both on gang enforcement detail, shortly after 8 p.m. on Aug. 11 in the Florence neighborhood of South LA. The report provides the first detailed account from authorities of his injuries.
According to the autopsy report, Ford was shot three times, resulting in two fatal wounds and one nonfatal.
The skin around the fatal wound in Ford's back had a "muzzle imprint," which suggests that the shot was taken at close range. The second fatal wound was in Ford's side abdomen. A third wound, ruled nonfatal by the coroner's investigation, was on his right arm.
"An autopsy does not prescribe motivation or indicate propriety -- in this case, is it a legal killing or not," LAPD Chief Charlie Beck said in a press conference later on Monday.
"There is nothing in the coroner's report that is inconsistent with the officers' accounts," Beck said, but added that the investigation is still incomplete.
A trace amount of marijuana was also found in Ford's system, according to a toxicology report. Because THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, can linger in the human body, however, its presence does not mean that Ford was intoxicated at the time of his death.
The release of the Ford autopsy comes at a tense time as protests over police killings have continued in multiple cities around the nation and as two New York City police officers were shot dead in alleged retaliation less than two weeks ago. Ford died just two days after teenager Michael Brown was fatally shot by a Ferguson, Missouri, police officer. The protests over the death of Brown and of Eric Garner, who died after being put in a chokehold by a New York police officer, have also cited Ford.
Much like the Brown case, police and eyewitness accounts of Ford's death vary wildly.
The police said that during an "investigative stop," a struggle ensued in which Ford "turned, grabbed one of the officers." They "fell to the ground," police said, and Ford allegedly attempted to pull an officer's handgun from its holster. The "partner officer then fired his handgun and the officer on the ground fired his backup weapon" at Ford, according to police. "It is unknown if the suspect has any gang affiliations," the LAPD said in a statement after the killing.
Eyewitnesses dispute that story. One witness told KTLA that Ford was shot "in the back" while he was "laying down."
That witness also said Ford's mental state was well-known in the neighborhood. Tritobia Ford, Ezell's mother, said her son showed signs of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Another eyewitness told HuffPost that he heard a police officer shout, "Shoot him!" before Ford was shot three times as he was lying on the ground.
Ford was transported to a nearby hospital, where he died. The LAPD said no officers were injured during the incident.
Ford's neighbors later told HuffPost that he was not involved in gang activity.
On Monday, Earl Ofari Hutchinson, president of the civil rights community forum Los Angeles Urban Policy Roundtable, said in a statement, "The killing of Ford has been ruled a homicide by the coroner, and the bullet wounds in his back give strong indication that he could not have been resisting the officers." Hutchinson called on LA County District Attorney Jackie Lacey to conduct a "fast track" investigation into possible criminal charges against the two officers involved in the fatal shooting.
The Ford autopsy had been under an investigative hold for months in order to prevent witness testimony from being tainted, according to the LAPD. The police department said it hoped that additional witnesses would eventually come forward. In August, Ed Winter, the assistant chief of investigation at the coroner's office, told HuffPost that the hold was indefinite. But in November, LA Mayor Eric Garcetti ordered the report to be made public before the year's end.
A months-long delay in the release of an official autopsy report is "unusual," according to the county coroner's office. The medical examiner's report on Brown was released about two months after his death; the report on Garner came out less than a month after his death.
In October, the South Central Neighborhood Council unanimously passed a resolution asking Los Angeles City Councilman Curren Price to demand that the release of the autopsy reports for Ford and Omar Abrego, another South LA man who was allegedly beaten to death by LAPD officers about a week before Ford was killed.
Steven Lerman, a lawyer for the Ford family, had earlier accused police of withholding the Ford report for "political reasons." Lerman described the shooting of Ford as "an execution" and has filed a $75 million wrongful death lawsuit for the Ford family.
After the autopsy was released on Monday, the LAPD put out a new description of the events that it says led up to Ford's death:
At approximately 8:10 p.m. on August 11, 2014, two uniformed LAPD officers assigned to the Newton Area Gang Enforcement Detail were driving in a marked patrol car westbound on 65th Street when they saw Mr. Ford on an adjacent sidewalk. The officers stopped and got out of their patrol car to speak with him. After looking in the direction of the officers, however, Mr. Ford walked away and the officers observed him attempting to conceal his hands.
The officers followed Mr. Ford on the sidewalk to a nearby driveway when Mr. Ford crouched in between a car and a row of bushes. One of the officers reached for Mr. Ford when Mr. Ford suddenly turned, grabbed the officer and forced the officer to the ground. While on top of the officer, Mr. Ford grabbed the officer’s handgun and attempted to remove the gun from its holster. The officer yelled out to his partner that Mr. Ford had his gun. The officer’s partner then fired two rounds striking Mr. Ford. At about the same time, the officer on the ground while on his back grabbed his backup weapon, reached around Mr. Ford and fired one shot at close range striking Mr. Ford in the back.
The officers subsequently took Mr. Ford into custody and requested emergency medical aid from the Los Angeles Fire Department. LAFD paramedics arrived and transported Mr. Ford to California Hospital where his death was pronounced at 10:10 p.m.
The Coroner’s Autopsy Report identified that Mr. Ford’s death was caused from a fatal gunshot wound to his right flank and a contact wound to his right back. The Coroner also found evidence of a non-fatal gunshot wound to Mr. Ford’s right arm.
The story has been updated with comment from Earl Ofari Hutchinson of the Los Angeles Urban Policy Roundtable, and with the new LAPD account of the events leading up to Ford's death.