IMPACT
07/08/2016 04:42 pm ET

Gambia Bans Child Marriage, Punishes Violators With 20 Years In Jail

In the West African country, 46.5 percent of girls marry before they turn 18.
Children in Gambia.
Liba Taylor / robertharding via Getty Images
Children in Gambia.

Gambia called for an immediate ban on child marriage on Friday and will punish parents, spouses and involved religious leaders who violate the law, according to reports.

President Yahya Jammeh declared it illegal for girls to marry before the age of 18 and said that violators will be sentenced to 20 years in prison, according to Girls Not Brides. In the West African country, 46.5 percent of girls marry before they turn 18, according to UNICEF. 

“We are destroying the future of our children, who should be going to school,” Jammeh said, according to Girls Not Brides.

The declaration came soon after the launch of the a two-week African Union campaign to end child marriage.

Gambia's President Al Hadji Yahya Jammeh addresses the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the United Nati
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Gambia's President Al Hadji Yahya Jammeh addresses the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the United Nations headquarters. 

Advocates praised the ban, and urged the government to implement it swiftly.

“We hope that this will lead to even stronger action on ending [child marriage], with a law being enacted and enforced immediately, so that every single girl is protected from both human rights violations,” Christa Stewart, Equality Now’s Justice For Girls program manager, said in a statement provided to The Huffington Post. 

Some advocates, however, are concerned that harsh punishments may not be effective and say the government should focus its efforts on educating communities about the ills of child marriage.

“I don’t think locking parents up is the answer,” Isatou Jeng of Girls Agenda, a Gambian women’s rights organization, told Reuters, “it could lead to a major backlash and sabotage the ban.”

Girls who marry young face a number of serious risks.

Getting pregnant before they’re physically prepared for it, for example, can lead to severe complications and even death for both mother and child, according to UNICEF. These girls are also more likely to be victims of domestic violence and contract sexually transmitted diseases. 

“We can’t afford to allow child marriage to hold back our beautiful girls any longer,” first lady Zineb Jammeh said, according to UNICEF. “Eliminating child marriages should be our priority, to allow young girls to develop and contribute to development.” 

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