As we salute fathers far and wide this Sunday, why not pop in some first-rate DVD titles that examine the distinct challenges of fatherhood, and how various dads rise to the occasion or, for a host of reasons, fall short.
We lead with one of the most heartbreaking foreign films on record: Vittorio de Sica's neo-realist masterpiece, The Bicycle Thief (1948). In a devastated Italy just after the the Second World War, we meet Antonio (Lamberto Maggiorani), who just manages to scrounge a living for himself and his family putting up movie posters around town. Antonio's job depends entirely on his bicycle, however, and soon disaster strikes. Someone steals his bike right out from under him, and with his adoring son Bruno (Enzo Staiola) in tow, an increasingly desperate Antonio scours Rome to retrieve it. Finally, he resorts to the theft of another bike to put bread on his table. Thief still packs a wallop, portraying poverty's heartless capacity to rob a father of the thing an impressionable son needs to see most -- his basic dignity. Authentic location shooting all around war-scarred Rome also lends impact and authenticity. For his powerful work, De Sica was awarded a special Oscar in 1948 several years before the Academy established a category for best foreign film.
Also on DVD as part of the Fox Film Noir series is House of Strangers (1949), Joseph L. Mankiewicz's scorching tale of a destructive family vendetta. Self-made immigrant banker Gino Monetti (Edward G. Robinson) treats three of his four employee sons like dirt, reserving his favor only for Max (Richard Conte), who's made good on his own as a lawyer. When Gino's old ways of doing business run afoul of banking regulations, only Max tries to help him, and ends up doing jail time, while the other brothers wrest control of the bank from their broken dad. Once Nick is sprung, his first instinct is revenge, but time and the love of a woman (a stunning Susan Hayward) make him reconsider. Though screenplay credit went to Philip Yordan, Mankiewicz's inspired touch is evident in the film's tight pacing and its sharp, flavorful script. Robinson is masterful in yet another Italian-American turn, and the under-appreciated Conte is also aces as a slick operator who's not quite as tough as he seems.
In Vincente Minnelli's classic Father Of The Bride (1950), we see the lighter side to being a dad, particularly if you can laugh at the prospect of opening your wallet for your daughter's wedding. When lovely Kay Banks (Elizabeth Taylor) announces her engagement to Buckley Dunstan (Don Taylor), life for Kay's doting father Stanley (Spencer Tracy) turns inside out. His wife Ellie (Joan Bennett), wants formal nuptials for Kay, so Stanley finds himself consumed by the exhausting business of planning a big wedding, not to mention the headache of paying for one. This big-hearted MGM comedy provided the template for an idea that's been executed countless times, but never quite so charmingly. The wry Tracy is note-perfect as the aggrieved Dad, and young Liz makes a radiant bride-to-be. And Minnelli keeps the whole affair -- replete with hilariously solemn heart-to-heart talks, a disastrous engagement party, and lovers' spats -- from derailing into broad farce. If you're choosing a Bride, make it the original.
Next comes Elia Kazan's East Of Eden (1955), an adaptation of the old Cain and Abel story updated to 1917 Monterey, via John Steinbeck. In his first featured role, James Dean plays errant son Cal, who aches for the approval of his upright father (Raymond Massey). A young, luminous Julie Harris plays Abra, the love interest of favored brother Aron (Richard Davalos), who soon becomes torn between the two siblings. Ultimately a series of dramatic events causes a transformation in Cal's relationship to his dad. Kazan's landmark film features vibrant color and atmosphere, top-flight performances and a dazzling screenplay adapted by Paul Osborn. Oscar-nominated Dean, Harris, Burl Ives and Oscar-winner Jo Van Fleet (as Cal's reclusive mother) stand out in a stellar ensemble.
The film that captures the father we'd all want to be -- and to have -- must be Robert Mulligan's perennially touching To Kill A Mockingbird (1962), based on Harper Lee's autobiographical novel. Atticus Finch (Gregory Peck), a widower and small-town lawyer in the Depression-era South, bravely defends a black man accused of raping a white girl, causing resentment in the community. Meanwhile his two children, Scout and Jem (Mary Badham and Phillip Alford), try to unravel the mystery of Boo Radley, the supposedly crazy man who lives nearby. A film that speaks volumes about racial intolerance in our country's recent past, this is also a moving and perceptive study of the relationship between two children and their single-parent father, with much of the action seen through young Scout's eyes. The child actors all turn in affecting, natural performances, and Peck, in the role of his career, deservedly won the Oscar for Best Actor. Make this required viewing for all children 12 and over.
Now to more recent features, and another memorable entry concerning a man suddenly confronted with single parenthood: Robert Benton's Kramer Versus Kramer (1979). On the brink of a big promotion, preoccupied ad-man Ted Kramer (Dustin Hoffman) gets the wind knocked out of him when wife Joanna (Meryl Streep) leaves him and their young son, Billy (Justin Henry). Forced to balance career demands with caring for a young son he barely knows, Ted makes hard choices to be there for Billy. But when Joanna returns unexpectedly, a nasty custody battle ensues. Hoffman hit a career high-point with this near-flawless drama, which depicts the dissolution of a marriage with unerring sensitivity. Top-flight performances from the two leads help bring an insightful script to heart-rending life. At Oscar time, Kramer won Best Picture, Benton took the honors for direction and screenplay, and Hoffman got the nod for Best Actor.
Back to foreign soil and Akira Kurosawa's epic, Ran (1982). In this adaptation of King Lear transplanted to sixteenth century Japan, powerful warlord Hidetora (Tatsuya Nakadai) decides to divide his lands and riches among his two seemingly compliant older sons, banishing honest third son Saburo (Daisuke Ryu) after he challenges his proud father's will. With his family soon splintered and set against each other, Hidetora realizes too late his error in judgment, and the injustice he visited on the forthright Saburo. Kurosawa's late-career triumph is a vibrant, colorful epic, its drama magnified by an awesome visual sweep encompassing both period pageantry and setting. Shakespeare's fundamental themes of loyalty and betrayal play out with full force, thanks to superb performances by both Nakudai (a Kurosawa veteran) and Ryu in the pivotal roles. Another breathtaking achievement from this revered master of cinema.
Three years later came director Emir Kusturica's poignant When Father Was Away On Business. Set in 1950s Sarajevo, the film portrays oppressive times in Tito's Yugoslavia, as married official Mesha (Miki Manojlovic) is sent to work in the mines as punishment for flirting with a sexy female comrade not his wife. Younger son Malik (Moreno De Bartolli) survives this period of uncertainty with a measure of hope and humor, believing his mother's story that his father is off on business. When Dad returns from his lengthy trip, normal routines resume, with the master of the house a touch wiser and humbler. Father evocatively portrays a challenging time and place, and against this grim backdrop, paints a warmer portrait of childhood innocence and imagination, as the adorable Malik manages to put a hopeful, fantastic spin on circumstances and events unfolding around him. Manojlovic injects tremendous pathos into the character of Mesha, an all-too-human fellow caught up in an inhuman system. A painfully honest, heartfelt work.
Returning stateside, John Singleton's ground-breaking Boyz N The Hood (1991) focuses on the stiff price paid by youth at risk without fathers. Growing up in South Central LA, young Tre Styles (Cuba Gooding, Jr.) is sent by struggling divorcée Reva (Angela Bassett) to live with his father, Furious (Laurence Fishburne), a no-nonsense figure who tries to instill Tre with solid values. But Tre and rudderless, fatherless friends Ricky (Morris Chestnut) and Dough Boy (Ice Cube) are emmeshed in a world of gang warfare, and soon the cycle of violence catches up to them. Singleton's explosive drama deals head-on with the allure of thug life, inner-city poverty and racism -- without ever losing its heart or appeal. Fishburne scores as the streetwise dad who schools Gooding's Tre with important life lessons. But top acting laurels go to rapper-actor Ice Cube as a troubled teen with a record who remains loyal to his childhood buddies. Just 23 when "Boyz" hit theaters, Singleton earned two Oscar nods for his gritty tale of urban strife.
I close with one more potent father/son tale, set in war-torn Northern Ireland: In The Name Of The Father (1994), directed by Jim Sheridan. Based on a real-life case, Name recounts the saga of Gerry Conlon (Daniel Day-Lewis), an innocent Belfast native sentenced to prison for an IRA bombing after his British interrogators force him to sign a false confession. Imprisoned alongside his father, Giuseppe (Pete Postlethwaite) -- falsely accused of abetting the crime -- Gerry spends years trying to exonerate his family name with the help of lawyer Gareth Peirce (Emma Thompson). Both Day-Lewis and Postlethwaite give gut-wrenching turns as the angry son and his bewildered father, and the ever-reliable Thompson lends fiery support as their dogged barrister. Nominated for seven Oscars, this ode to human dignity is also a hard-hitting story of political injustice.
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