01/29/2016 10:24 am ET Updated Dec 06, 2017

The Best Smoked Salmon in the World


Smoke masters go to extraordinary lengths to perfect their craft, chopping and seasoning their own wood, butchering their own meats, spending sleepless nights tending pits or smokehouses. But as far as I know, only one serenades his smoked salmon with piano music. His name is Ole Hansen of Hansen & Lydersen in London. At six foot three, with long blond hair and piercing blue eyes, he looks more like one of his Viking ancestors than the bespoke salmon master to star chefs and Michelin star restaurants.

I'm not sure I'm ready to add Chopin to my smoked salmon recipe, but after tasting Hansen's fish, I can't discount the process either. Extraordinary? Imagine sides of salmon bronzed with juniper and beech smoke, sea salty and bacon-y crispy on the outside, giving way to creamy, velvety, gently smoke-scented fish that's not quite raw but certainly not cooked in the center. Oily-rich, yet incredibly delicate, with a flavor that changes subtly yet unmistakably as you sample slices cut from the top, center, or bottom of the fillet.

"Smoked salmon transports you," Hansen says. "One taste of this fish takes me back to fishing trips with my grandfather. We'd lunch on his smoked salmon and bread my mother baked that morning. That was the taste of my childhood."

Salmon was the last thing on Hansen's mind when he moved to London to become a sound artist. But he wound up spending most of his time lugging heavy sound equipment to pay for the brief time he could actually compose.

He decided to return to his roots and smoke salmon the way his grandfather did. He rented an old hangar in a gritty row of warehouses and constructed his smokehouse from materials scavenged from building sites. The sum total of his working capital: 30 pounds.

Hansen resolved to use salting and smoking supplies only from family businesses. His fish comes from the icy waters above the Arctic Circle in northern Norway. He cures it with fleur de sel (hand-harvested sea salt) from the west coast of France (the same salt his Viking forebears used to salt cod ten centuries earlier). He hangs the fish vertically for rinsing, drying, and smoking, using twine spun by a fourth generation twine maker. ("When you lay fish on its side, you make it seem like it's dead.")

The smoke comes from an old potbellied stove situated outside the smoke chamber. A fan pumps in air, which swirls around the hanging salmon. "My grandfather would say that the fish should move around as it smokes," Hanson explains. "This movement gives the smoked salmon energy--makes it taste alive." Then there's the music, which Hansen plays on an upright piano outside the smoke chamber.

To find out how Hansen finishes, slices, and serves his smoked salmon, plus a recipe for Cold Smoked Salmon, visit

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Steven Raichlen is the author of the Barbecue! Bible cookbook series and the host of Project Smoke on public television. His web site is