The State Department issued its final environmental impact statement on the Keystone XL pipeline, which echoed findings in previous analyses that the pipeline would lead to no substantial increase in greenhouse gas emissions. It found that approximately 147-168 million metric tons of carbon dioxide would be created by producing, refining and burning the pipeline's oil. The report's release kicks off a 30-day public comment period as well as a 90-day "national interest determination" period during which eight federal agencies are allowed to offer their views. Ultimately, the decision on the permit for Keystone XL rests with President Barack Obama.
"Approval or denial of any one crude oil transport project, including the proposed project, is unlikely to significantly impact the rate of extraction in the oil sands or the continued demand for heavy crude oil at refineries in the United States based on expected oil prices, oil-sands supply costs, transport costs, and supply-demand scenarios," the report states.
The analysis also discounted claims that oil transported from Canada to the Gulf Coast, through Keystone XL, would mainly benefit countries like China. The petroleum industry expected the pipeline to create tens of thousands of jobs; the report found it would directly and indirectly support about 42,100. It's a point Obama disputed in an interview Monday night.
"First of all, it's not 42,000," he said. "That's not correct. It's a couple thousand to build the pipeline."
Many environmentalists disputed the report's objectivity; supporters viewed the assessment as clearing the way to a permit.
Farm Bill, New Climate Hubs to Provide Support for Farmers
The same week the Senate approved a long-stalled farm bill--now slated to be signed by President Barack Obama on Friday--the Obama administration announced plans to open "climate hubs" to help farmers adapt to drought, fire risk and other problems linked to global warming.
"For generations, America's farmers, ranchers and forest landowners have innovated and adapted to challenges," said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack. "Today, they face a new and more complex threat in the form of a changing and shifting climate, which impacts both our nation's forests and our farmers' bottom lines. USDA's Climate Hubs are part of our broad commitment to developing the next generation of climate solutions, so that our agricultural leaders have the modern technologies and tools they need to adapt and succeed in the face of a changing climate."
Seven locations in Ames, Iowa; Durham, N.H.; Raleigh, N.C.; Fort Collins, Colo.; El Reno, Okla.; Corvallis, Ore.; and Las Cruces, N.M., will link local agriculture producers with universities, industry groups, state governments and federal agencies. Other "subsidiary hubs" will be in Houghton, Mich.; Davis, Calif., and Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.
California Drought Worsens
In the country's most populous state, farmers and ranchers are dealing with one of the issues the new climate hubs will tackle: drought. Nearly 9 percent of California was in exceptional drought as the state entered its 13th month of drought. Much of the rest of the state--about 67 percent--is in extreme drought.
The State Water Project, which supplies water to many in California, cut off allocations in several districts. Snowpack in the Sierra mountain range is historically low. Wildfires have been running far above average. Lack of rainfall has cut into the state's hydropower supplies.
"Among all our uncertainties, weather is one of the most basic," said California Gov. Jerry Brown in his State of the State address. "We can't control it. We can only live with it, and now we have to live with a very serious drought of uncertain duration ... We do not know how much our current problem derives from the build-up of heat-trapping gases, but we can take this drought as a stark warning of things to come."
An emergency drought relief bill was passed by the House, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced funds to aid farmers.
The Climate Post offers a rundown of the week in climate and energy news. It is produced each Thursday by Duke University's Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions.